Gestalt therapy was founded by Fritz and Laura Perls in the 1940s. It teaches therapists and patients the phenomenological method of awareness, in which perceiving, feeling, and acting are distinguished from interpreting and reshuffling preexisting attitudes.
It is an existential/experiential form of psychotherapy that emphasizes on the individual’s experience and actions including body movements in the present moment, that are used to explain and change human behavior .The therapist using this method can find the self-regulating adjustments people make as a result of their overall situation.
Patients and therapists in Gestalt therapy dialogue, that is, communicate their phenomenological perspectives. Differences in perspectives become the focus of experimentation and continued dialogue. The goal is for clients to become aware of what they are doing, how they are doing it, and how they can change themselves by valuing who they are at the same time.